Working capital: defined as the net sum of: Current and non-current trade and other receivables, inventories, trade and other long term payables and current trade payables, other receivables (short and long term tax assets, deferred tax assets) and other payables (tax payables and other short term payables).

Net tangible assets: consist of property, plant, machinery and industrial equipment, net of amortisation quota, and assets held for sale.

Net intangible assets: consist of capitalised development costs, costs for patents and know-how and goodwill arising from acquisition/merger operations carried out within the Group.

Financial assets: defined by the Directors as the sum of investments and other non-current financial assets.

Provisions: consist of retirement funds and employee benefits, other long-term provisions, the current portion of other long-term provisions, and deferred tax liabilities.

Gross industrial margin defined as the difference between “Revenues” and corresponding “Cost to sell” of the period.

Cost to sell includes: the cost for materials (direct and consumables), accessory purchase costs (transport of incoming material, customs, movements and warehousing), employee costs for direct and indirect manpower and relative expenses, work carried out by third parties, energy costs, depreciation of property, plant, equipment and industrial equipment, external maintenance and cleaning costs net of sundry cost recovery recharged to suppliers.

Operating expenses: consist of employee costs, costs for services and lease and rental costs, and additional operational expenditure net of operating income not included in the gross industrial margin. Operating expenses also include amortisation and depreciation not included in the calculation of the gross industrial margin.

Consolidated EBITDA: defined as “Operating income” before the amortisation of intangible assets and depreciation of plant, property and equipment as resulting from the consolidated income statement.

In some cases, data could be affected by rounding off defects due to the fact that figures are represented in millions of Euro; changes and percentages are calculated from figures in thousands of Euro and not from rounded off figures in millions of Euro.